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Astana, Kazakhstan • 11 March, 2024 | 18:07

Child Rights Protection: Kazakhstan’s Dedication 30 Years Since Adopting the UN Convention

Kazakhstan signed the Convention on the Rights of the Child on February 16, 1994

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One of the most important tasks that state authorities in Kazakhstan set for themselves is to ensure the safety and well-being of children. Careful treatment of the younger generation is the key to the successful development of the country in the future. The degree of the state's responsibility to children depends on many factors, including national legislation, the economic situation in the country, traditions and the mentality of the population.

Three decades ago, on February 16, 1994, Kazakhstan formally embraced the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), as reported by UNICEF. Following the signing of the CRC, Kazakhstan took a significant step by officially ratifying it on June 8, 1994, through a resolution of the Supreme Council. This act signified Kazakhstan's voluntary commitment to uphold the universal rights of every child.

The child population in Kazakhstan exhibits a consistent upward trajectory, constituting over one-third of the country's population. With an annual birth rate exceeding 400,000, the state's approach to childhood policy is implemented through various departments, including education, healthcare, social protection, as well as local guardianship and trusteeship bodies across cities and districts. A network of 20,000 educational institutions at all levels further contributes to this effort. The involvement of more than 120 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) plays a significant role in safeguarding children. The regional ombudspersons for children's rights provide significant assistance in solving children's problems. More than 360,000 teachers, including class teachers, psychologists, social pedagogues, teacher-organizers, and counselors, stand guard over the interests of children.

Despite the intricate nature of child protection involving diverse state and non-state entities, the overarching objective remains consistent: to ensure the well-being and safety of every child.

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