As of September 1, 2023, the population of Kazakhstan has reached 19.9 million people, marking a 1.41% increase compared to the previous year. In the beginning of the same year, the country had a population of 19.8 million, with an annual growth rate of 1.35%. The overall population growth rate of the country typically ranges between 1.28% and 1.49%. Notably, an exception occurred in 2022, when an unprecedented population growth of 3.3% was recorded, as reported by finprom.kz.
The cities with the highest populations were Almaty (2.2 million people), Turkistan (2.1 million people), and the Almaty region (1.5 million people), as of September 1. Conversely, the regions with the smallest populations included the Ulytau (221.5 thousand people), North Kazakhstan (531.7 thousand people), and Abay (608.9 thousand people). Several regions, such as the North Kazakhstan, Abai, Ulytau, Zhetysu, East Kazakhstan, and Kostanay, experienced a decrease in population during this period.
Regarding the gender distribution, the number of men increased by 1.4% to 9.6 million people over the year, while the number of women increased by 1.3% to 10.1 million people. The total number of women surpassed men by 4.9%. Approximately 35.5% of the country's population consisted of children under the age of 18, totaling about 7 million people. Additionally, there were 2.7 million adults under the age of 29.
The demographic distribution further revealed that the population between the ages of 60 and 69 was 1.6 million, while those between 70 and 79 accounted for 681.6 thousand. People over 80 years of age constituted 317.3 thousand people.