Kazakhstan is making significant strides in the realm of scientific innovation, with researchers from leading institutions contributing to projects that promise to redefine the nation's technological landscape.
Just over the past month, researchers from leading institutions have made significant advancements, addressing critical challenges in energy, environmental sustainability, and materials science. From harnessing telluric currents for enhanced energy security to revolutionizing cable technology and developments in green hydrogen, Kazakhstan's scientific community is making significant advancements across various sectors. QazMonitor made research on the latest achievements of Kazakhstan’s scientists.
Advancing Energy Security with Telluric Current Measurement
At Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (KazNU), scientists are partnering with experts from the Special Design and Technological Bureau "Granit" in Almaty to craft a device for measuring telluric currents. This initiative seeks to prevent power losses and major accidents in Kazakhstan's expansive energy infrastructure. The project delves into negative electromagnetic effects, including space factors, to ensure techno-sphere safety. With applications in energy, oil and gas, and transportation, this endeavor could improve the country's energy network efficiency by 15-20%.
The scientific impact of this project is reflected in 20 published articles in prestigious, peer-reviewed publications (4 Scopus-rated, 4 in RINC, 5 in KOKSNVO, and 7 in international conference materials). The project, scheduled to run until the end of 2023, has produced a prototype, paving the way for potential commercialization. A patent has been secured, with potential consumers including KEGOC and the Asian Gas Pipeline company.
Enhancing Cable Heat Resistance
Researchers at Eurasian National University (ENU), in partnership with the Park of Nuclear Technologies, have achieved a remarkable 40% increase in the heat resistance of polymer cable insulation. Utilizing an innovative method of radiation cross-linking, this development holds the potential to revolutionize cable technology. The technology's applications extend to various cable types, including those used in photovoltaic systems and oil submersible cables.
The focus is now on producing high-temperature self-regulating heating cables for the oil and gas industry. These cables are not only more energy-efficient but also eliminate the need for additional temperature control devices, marking a significant leap in materials science. Nanostructural materials will be used in the production of this cable, and the product is currently undergoing the certification process.
Azat Nurkasimov, the head of the project group at JSC "Nuclear Technology Park" at ENU, emphasized that one of the most promising applications for these advanced cable types lies in Nuclear Power Plants (NPP).
Anesthetic gas sensors
Satbayev University scientist Danatbek Murzalinov has developed a sensor that monitors leaks of gases used for anesthesia during surgeries. It is an innovative solution that ensures safety in operating rooms. The sensor has high sensitivity and can determine the presence of gases in the rooms, as well as detect leaks in a timely manner.
One of the main advantages of this invention is the use of new materials, such as tin oxide on porous silicon, which provide high sensitivity of sensors. The sensor software warns doctors and nurses about potential complications, ensuring patient safety.
Danatbek Murzalinov emphasized that the gas anesthetic sensors are an important step in ensuring safety in operating rooms and expressed hopes that the invention will help prevent negative consequences for patients and medical staff.
Kazakhstan's Scientific Progress Charting a Sustainable Future
These scientific breakthroughs not only address immediate challenges in the energy, environmental, and materials sectors but also pave the way for sustainable development, while the telluric current measurement project anticipates enhanced efficiency in the national energy network. As the nation positions itself as a hub of innovation, these scientific endeavors represent a resounding commitment to progress.